"Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"

Risto Koivula, 10/28/2018 2:08:56 PM, 399563

Lainaus: sherlocker, 28.10.2018 12:29:28, 399560
Muistin väärin. Muisti pettää. Dialektisen materialismin määritelmäsi se oli, minkä tulkitsin niin, että se on teleologista pyrkimystä ja siihen en saanut vastausta että ei olisi.


Tämmöiset ikuisuuskysymykset voi nykyään katsoa täältä entsiklopedijasta - ja sitten kysyä multakin, jos ei valkene.

https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/teleology

" Teleology

an idealist doctrine concerned with purposes and purposefulness. Counterbalancing or sometimes allegedly complementing determinism, teleology postulates a particular form of causality that is purposeful and that answers the question for what, or to what end, a given action is taken. This principle of “final causes,” whereby an ideally postulated end, or final result, exerts an objective influence on a course of action, has assumed various forms under various concepts of teleology. In every case, however, the chief feature of teleology has been preserved — namely, an idealist anthropomorphization of natural processes that attributes purpose to nature, investing the latter with a capacity for positing ends that in reality is inherent only to human activity.

This feature of teleology is most clearly expressed in the idea of an external purposefulness, supposedly established by god — a notion propounded by anthropocentric and utilitarian teleologists, such as C. Wolff, according to whom the world was created for men’s purposes.

The same concept, however, is also a principle of immanent teleology, which ascribes an inner purpose to nature. Immanent teleology was basically formulated by Aristotle, who asserted that just as human activity contains its actual purpose, so too natural objects contain a potential purpose: an object is directed toward an end, infinite in content, that achieves self-realization in the course of the object’s development. According to Aristotle, this inner purpose is what causes nature to move from the lower to the higher stages and to reach the peak of its development in a kind of absolute, or entelechy.

In modern times, the concepts of immanent teleology were elaborated by G. von Leibniz in his monadology and in his doctrine of preestablished harmony, and they were consistently applied in F. von Schelling’s theory of a “world soul” and in G. Hegel’s objective idealism.

I. Kant gave a distinctive interpretation to teleological concepts. Realizing that a mechanical determinism was inadequate to explain complex processes—especially those of organic life and human activity — Kant postulated a particular type of causality whereby such processes could be comprehended as “nature’s purposes.” According to Kant, however, “the purposefulness of nature is ... a special a priori conception that derives exclusively from the reflective ability of judgment” (Soch., vol. 5, Moscow, 1966, p. 179). Kant questioned the objective meaning of “nature’s purposes” and of teleology’s “final causes,” considering them significant only as regulatory, heuristic principles.

Basic teleological concepts have taken different forms in science — as in vitalism and neovitalism — and have been utilized by neo-Thomist and other philosophers, such as A. Schopenhauer and E. von Hartmann.

Biology, from C. Darwin to modern molecular biology and biocybernetics, has completely overtaken and “canceled” teleology in explaining the purposefulness of organic life. The objective processes that provided a definite basis for teleological thinking have been given a scientific explanation in the dialectical-materialist conception of determinism, which comprises everything of value in the history of thought. Precisely for this reason, all attempts to revive teleology (including attempts to relate it to cybernetics) or to re-create teleology on an allegedly materialist basis are seen as particularly negative in their import.

Concepts such as “teleonomy” and “quasi-teleology,” while similar in name to teleology, essentially have nothing in common with it. They describe causal relationships expressed in the language of cybernetics with the aid of programming and feedback concepts; their aim is to establish the predeterminability of the result of an action as observed in complex systems — and, correspondingly, the direction of such action — as well as to establish a traditionally teleological method of explaining such systems on the basis of relationships. This, however, is a special scientific approach, which uses goal-orientation as part of a general functional analysis of complex organic systems.



... "

Muokannut: Risto Koivula, 10/28/2018 2:11:13 PM


NOBELISTI OBAMA LEVITTÄÄ VAARALLISTA UUSUSKONTOA ”AIDOSTI AJATTELEVISTA TIETOKONEISTA”   [ 399493 , Risto Koivula , 25.10.2018 02:41:06 ]
    CAPSLOCK PÄÄLLÄ JO OTSIKOSSA, JOTEN...   [ 399496 , Diletant , 25.10.2018 10:06:32 ]
        CAPSLOCK PÄÄLLÄ JO OTSIKOSSA, JOTEN...   [ 399498 , Risto Koivula , 25.10.2018 11:09:29 ]
            CAPSLOCK PÄÄLLÄ JO OTSIKOSSA, JOTEN...   [ 399499 , mmm , 25.10.2018 12:57:46 ]
                Koivulaa VTTAA   [ 399500 , Diletant , 25.10.2018 13:12:55 ]
    NOBELISTI OBAMA LEVITTÄÄ VAARALLISTA UUSUSKONTOA ”AIDOSTI AJATTELEVISTA TIETOKONEISTA”   [ 399504 , VCO , 25.10.2018 15:03:24 ]
        Kaikin mokomin   [ 399509 , Diletant , 26.10.2018 09:56:44 ]
            Kaikin mokomin   [ 399511 , VCO , 26.10.2018 10:30:10 ]
                Kaikin mokomin   [ 399513 , Diletant , 26.10.2018 10:53:15 ]
                    Kaikin mokomin   [ 399514 , VCO , 26.10.2018 10:58:58 ]
                        Kaikin mokomin   [ 399515 , Diletant , 26.10.2018 11:05:49 ]
        NOBELISTI OBAMA LEVITTÄÄ VAARALLISTA UUSUSKONTOA ”AIDOSTI AJATTELEVISTA TIETOKONEISTA”   [ 399539 , Risto Koivula , 28.10.2018 07:21:46 ]
            NOBELISTI OBAMA LEVITTÄÄ VAARALLISTA UUSUSKONTOA ”AIDOSTI AJATTELEVISTA TIETOKONEISTA”   [ 399543 , VCO , 28.10.2018 09:51:05 ]
                Nopelisti... lyhensin otsikkoa vähän   [ 399548 , sherlocker , 28.10.2018 10:44:58 ]
                    Nopelisti... lyhensin otsikkoa vähän   [ 399550 , VCO , 28.10.2018 10:59:06 ]
                        Nopelisti... lyhensin otsikkoa vähän   [ 399552 , sherlocker , 28.10.2018 11:05:16 ]
                            Nopelisti... lyhensin otsikkoa vähän   [ 399565 , VCO , 28.10.2018 15:45:00 ]
                                Hölmöydet tiskiin...   [ 399584 , Risto Koivula , 30.10.2018 14:54:34 ]
                    Nopelisti... lyhensin otsikkoa vähän   [ 399554 , Risto Koivula , 28.10.2018 11:24:20 ]
                        Nopelisti... lyhensin otsikkoa vähän   [ 399559 , sherlocker , 28.10.2018 11:55:41 ]
                            Nopelisti... lyhensin otsikkoa vähän   [ 399561 , Risto Koivula , 28.10.2018 12:32:26 ]
                                Nopelisti... lyhensin otsikkoa vähän   [ 399562 , sherlocker , 28.10.2018 12:48:36 ]
                                    Nopelisti... lyhensin ja jatkoin sitten   [ 399568 , sherlocker , 28.10.2018 16:48:49 ]
                                        Nopelisti... lyhensin ja jatkoin sitten   [ 399573 , Risto Koivula , 29.10.2018 03:45:35 ]
    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399507 , Otto Mäkelä , 26.10.2018 07:58:21 ]
        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399510 , Diletant , 26.10.2018 10:06:24 ]
            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399516 , PeP , 26.10.2018 11:42:08 ]
                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399518 , Diletant , 26.10.2018 11:52:50 ]
                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399521 , PeP , 26.10.2018 13:45:29 ]
                        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone", Skepsis on ollut Lauri Gröhnin ansioista tieteellinen   [ 399524 , Risto Koivula , 26.10.2018 22:39:17 ]
                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone", Skepsis on ollut Lauri Gröhnin ansioista tieteellinen   [ 399527 , PeP , 27.10.2018 09:07:49 ]
                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone", Skepsis on ollut Lauri Gröhnin ansioista tieteellinen   [ 399529 , Risto Koivula , 27.10.2018 14:35:04 ]
                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone", Skepsis on ollut Lauri Gröhnin ansioista tieteellinen   [ 399530 , PeP , 27.10.2018 17:59:23 ]
                                        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone", Skepsis on ollut Lauri Gröhnin ansioista tieteellinen   [ 399534 , Teppolainen , 27.10.2018 20:12:15 ]
                                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone", Skepsis on ollut Lauri Gröhnin ansioista tieteellinen   [ 399540 , Risto Koivula , 28.10.2018 08:16:48 ]
                                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone", Skepsis on ollut Lauri Gröhnin ansioista tieteellinen   [ 399542 , PeP , 28.10.2018 09:37:26 ]
                                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone", Skepsis on ollut Lauri Gröhnin ansioista tieteellinen   [ 399546 , Risto Koivula , 28.10.2018 10:26:28 ]
                                                    Jos tietokone ratkaisisi   [ 399556 , Diletant , 28.10.2018 11:33:35 ]
                                                        Jos tietokone ratkaisisi   [ 399567 , sherlocker , 28.10.2018 16:35:40 ]
                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone", Skepsis on ollut Lauri Gröhnin ansioista tieteellinen   [ 399528 , VCO , 27.10.2018 10:04:57 ]
        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399525 , Risto Koivula , 26.10.2018 22:55:51 ]
            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399537 , Otto Mäkelä , 28.10.2018 01:06:02 ]
                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399538 , Risto Koivula , 28.10.2018 06:58:03 ]
                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399544 , sherlocker , 28.10.2018 10:17:23 ]
                        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399553 , Risto Koivula , 28.10.2018 11:19:10 ]
                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399560 , sherlocker , 28.10.2018 12:29:28 ]
                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399563 , Risto Koivula , 28.10.2018 14:08:56 ]
                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399566 , sherlocker , 28.10.2018 16:26:46 ]
                                        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399572 , Risto Koivula , 29.10.2018 03:41:30 ]
                                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399598 , sherlocker , 01.11.2018 12:40:21 ]
                                            "Aito skeptikko"   [ 399599 , sherlocker , 01.11.2018 12:55:15 ]
                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399579 , Otto Mäkelä , 29.10.2018 15:25:15 ]
                        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399591 , Risto Koivula , 31.10.2018 21:51:24 ]
                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399592 , mmm , 01.11.2018 10:06:51 ]
                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399621 , Risto Koivula , 01.11.2018 20:31:08 ]
                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399623 , mmm , 01.11.2018 21:18:55 ]
                                        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399624 , Risto Koivula , 01.11.2018 23:52:15 ]
                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399595 , Otto Mäkelä , 01.11.2018 10:31:57 ]
                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399612 , Teppolainen , 01.11.2018 17:02:26 ]
                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399614 , PeP , 01.11.2018 17:37:59 ]
                                        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399615 , Diletant , 01.11.2018 18:05:57 ]
                                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399617 , Teppolainen , 01.11.2018 18:21:41 ]
                                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399619 , Diletant , 01.11.2018 18:25:59 ]
                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399620 , Risto Koivula , 01.11.2018 19:22:40 ]
                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399629 , Otto Mäkelä , 02.11.2018 07:42:04 ]
                                        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399661 , Risto Koivula , 02.11.2018 18:28:30 ]
                                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399662 , VCO , 02.11.2018 18:36:45 ]
                                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399663 , Risto Koivula , 02.11.2018 19:00:00 ]
                                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399664 , VCO , 02.11.2018 19:31:35 ]
                                                        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399665 , Risto Koivula , 02.11.2018 21:18:02 ]
                                                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399666 , VCO , 02.11.2018 22:15:16 ]
                                                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399667 , VCO , 02.11.2018 22:15:39 ]
                                                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399668 , Risto Koivula , 02.11.2018 23:41:01 ]
                                                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399670 , PeP , 03.11.2018 09:38:07 ]
                                                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399671 , VCO , 03.11.2018 10:08:45 ]
                                                                        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399674 , Diletant , 03.11.2018 10:53:03 ]
                                                                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399675 , VCO , 03.11.2018 11:07:43 ]
                                                                                Tuore kirjoitus aiheesta   [ 399680 , Diletant , 03.11.2018 12:17:00 ]
                                                                                    Tekoälyn luonteesta   [ 399682 , Otto Mäkelä , 03.11.2018 12:33:53 ]
                                                                                    Tuore kirjoitus aiheesta   [ 399693 , Risto Koivula , 04.11.2018 04:05:35 ]
                                                                                    Lisää tavaraa aihetta sivuten   [ 399707 , Diletant , 04.11.2018 20:03:51 ]
                                                                                        Lisää tavaraa aihetta sivuten   [ 399709 , Risto Koivula , 04.11.2018 21:59:53 ]
                                                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399694 , Risto Koivula , 04.11.2018 05:17:08 ]
                                                                        "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399695 , PeP , 04.11.2018 08:56:41 ]
                                                                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399703 , Risto Koivula , 04.11.2018 15:50:47 ]
                                                                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399704 , PeP , 04.11.2018 17:17:02 ]
                                                                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399706 , Risto Koivula , 04.11.2018 19:00:33 ]
                                                                        Koneäly oppii ennakkoluulot   [ 399696 , PeP , 04.11.2018 09:33:10 ]
                                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399700 , Otto Mäkelä , 04.11.2018 11:16:31 ]
                                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399701 , Diletant , 04.11.2018 11:41:56 ]
                                                    "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399702 , VCO , 04.11.2018 11:51:52 ]
                                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399705 , Risto Koivula , 04.11.2018 17:26:42 ]
                            "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399597 , sherlocker , 01.11.2018 11:20:44 ]
                                "Aidosti ajatteleva tietokone"   [ 399622 , Risto Koivula , 01.11.2018 21:09:19 ]
                            Mary's Room   [ 399602 , sherlocker , 01.11.2018 13:28:27 ]